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I think it depends on a player as world's greatest two, Sampras and Federer, both have one handed backhand.
I think the fact that Justine Henin, Roger Federer, Pete Sampras and Novak Djokovic (who can go either way depending upon whether he wants slice or topspin) would take issue with that. To categorically state that one is definitively better than the other is like saying Eric Clapton is a better guitarist than Jimmy Page. They both have different styles and you cannot say that one is better than the other anymore than you can say apples are better than oranges. I DON'T see any valid reason to say one backhand is better than the other because it's a pointless arguement. Two-handed is better for Nadal and not Federer, better for Clijsters not Henin. What difference does it make? Personally, I'm a one-handed guy, and while I'll never be a Federer or Nadal (or a Santoro or Rochus for that matter) I've tried hitting a two-hander and it's just not me. My daughter on the other hand cannot hit a one hander to save her life - she also sometimes hits her forehands two-handed (which would make Fabrice Santoro happy wherever he is). So I will have to respectfully disagree with your premise.
I have to say I disagree alot with what is characterized in the one hander. I do not have to take more time to prepare if I use the Laver style backhand with the more open stance. I also use this fire away at balls on the run and on the rise.
If I am using the Kuerten style backhand with a more closed styled stance, I have much more control of the spin of the ball than a two hander.
When I am returning, I use a Gasquet high takeback, I can hit the high backhand return harder than many two handed players. I can hit open stance backhands using the Edberg fall away method as well. Edberg definitely could drive the ball extremely hard.
There are certain techniques, and it doesn't take much time to prepare the shot. Also, there is alot of versatility in the one hander in terms of style and effectiveness, not lacking in power, control or reach. The only thing the two hander has is greater stability.
Note: The ball does not have to be to the left of the front foot. It can be more in front of the right hip with a shorter takeback. The shoulders do not have to be exactly perpendicular to the ball, and if it is, it is only for a split second with a quick coil. The one hander can open nearly as much as the two hander, depending on how big the coil is.
The elbow does NOT have to be close to the body, especially at the point of contact. In the Kuerten and Gasquet backhand, the elbow is pointed to the side fence. Their extension of their arm is much further than most two handed backhands.
One handers can be hit off the back foot very effectively as well. Watch Gasquet or Kuerten or even Edberg's open stance. Lastly, because of a good coil and heel to toe weight rocking, you do not have to have strong muscles at all. You need flexibility, spring, sense of balance, timing.
Damir Popadic said:
THE DESCRIPTION OF THE TWO
One handed bachand:
1. less stable racket at the moment of impact
2. needs more time to prepare
3. less controlled backswing
4. full backswing is almost a must
5. the point of contact has to be ahead and to the left of front foot (otherwise you are in trouble)
6. upper body must be more than perpendicular to the oncoming ball
7. necessary very strong shulder,arm,and wrist(more injuries)
8. after finish your body is still mostly sideways
9. the most power is generated by stepping into the ball
10.lineal (close) stance is almost a must (less balanced)
(all the others reflect seriously on the efficiency of shot)
11.ellbow must be close to the body otherwise the shot is ineffective (narrow striking zone)
Two handed backhand:
1. more stable racket at the moment of impact
2. quicker preparation
3. controlled backswing
4. with variety of backswings is possible to produce quality shot
5. the point of contact is in the line with the body and bit to the left (.if you are late the other hand can help you)
6. upper body must coil but not as much as on one handed backhand
7. because of the two hands impact is more evenly distributed so it is not necessary so strong shoulders,arms, and wrists(less injuries)
8. after finish you body faces the net and you can easily move sideways
9.. power is generated by rotating your shoulders around your head and stepping into the ball
10.all stances are possible (more balanced)
11.because of the help of the other hand ellbow can be in various position in relationship to the body for the shot to still be effective (larger striking zone)